My name is Bohdan Hnatyk
Could you help me please find information about my uncle Piotr Bozyk.
I am doing historical research post-war migration of Displaced persons in Australia. Especially I am interested in the facts of the trip aboard "Anna Salen" (1-24 august 1949). Also among the passengers was my uncle Piotr Bozyk.
Maybe there is information from the passengers of the flight.
I and my mother Katerine Hnatyk(Bozyk)-his sister were looking for him during the long years. And now at last we were informed through Red Cross that he lived in Kalgoorlie.Western Australia. I want to lescribe you the situation with Piotr Bozyk. He was born in village Novosilky or near Yavoriv.Lviv, Poland (pre-WWII) in what is today Western Ukraine. He was born on 17 may 1912. Since 1942 the german fashists have compulsory moved out to forced labour into Germany. In 1945 we have got a letter that he is living and when he will go out so he will write to us obligator. But conditions were changed: our Ukraine must be found under the communist power in the Soviet borders were closed at so called "iron curtain" from the Western Countries. In 1991 our Ukraine became an independent state and we decided to write a letter to the International Tracing Service and at last we got an answer that Piotr Bozyk lived in the town Kalgoorlie and died on the 7th june and was buried on 9th of june 1989 on the local cemetery in the city Kalgoorlie. Western Australia. Marital status single.
(Photo. Piotr Bozyk)
I am interested in the facts of travel and accommodation Northam Accommodation Centre.
Displaced Persons who travelled to Australia on the ship Anna Salen departing Naples on 1 August 1949.
There were 1566 Displaced Persons on board the "Anna Salen" when it left Naples on 1 August 1949. The Anna Salen arrived in Fremantle on 24 August 1949. Most of the passengers disembarked and were transported by train to the Department of Immigration Reception and Training Centre, Northam.
This series consists of Migrant Selection Documents for Displaced Persons who traveled to Australia on the ship ‘Anna Salen’ departing Naples on 1 August 1949 and arriving in Gage Roads, Fremantle, early am on Wednesday 24 August 1949.
At the end of the Second World War, many hundreds of thousands of people who had been brought to Germany from occupied countries to labour in German industry were unable or unwilling to return to their homelands which were occupied by the army of the USSR (mainly Poland and the Baltic countries - Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia, in addition to Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Ukraine, and Yugoslavia).
These people came under the care of the International Refugee Organization (IRO). They were screened, given the status of Displaced Person and housed in camps in Germany, Italy and Austria.
On 21 July 1947, the Commonwealth Government entered into an agreement with the IRO for the resettlement of European Displaced Persons in Australia. This scheme was subsequently known as the DP Group Resettlement (or ‘Mass Resettlement’) scheme.
Under this agreement, the IRO undertook responsibility for provision of transport (at its own cost) and the care of the Displaced Persons until their disembarkation in Australia. The Commonwealth undertook selection in Europe and responsibility for reception in Australia, placement in employment and care after arrival of all members of the family unit. Unlike the DP schemes already operating in the United States, Canada and various South American countries, the prospective emigrant did not need to secure personal sponsorship from a relative or friend already resident in the country, or from a welfare society, who undertook to provide support (in the way of accommodation and sustenance after their arrival and until they were self-supporting). Instead, in Australia, the government itself would fulfil this role, an important difference that caused the Australian scheme to be regarded with favour by the IRO, despite the costs involved in transporting the refugees such a great distance. (Conversely, some DPs favoured Australia as a destination precisely because it was so remote from Europe.)
During the lifetime of the DP Scheme, the Australian government’s official representation in Germany was the Australian Military Mission in Berlin, which presided over the recruitment activities by Australian Migration personnel. From 1948, the Migration Branch of this office was headquartered separately in Cologne, with the Selection Teams being accommodated at various locations in the British and American zones of Germany. They were heavy dependent for their operations on the goodwill and cooperation of the British and American military authorities since all basic needs such as accommodation food, transport and communications came from this source.
Eligibility for selection was based initially on standards of age, physical fitness and the ability to do manual work. At first, Australia expressly targeted single Baltic people. However, as the scheme progressed, and this limited source dried up, the target groups widened. In the next two years, while the emphasis on fitness to undertake manual work remained, restrictions on nationality, marital status and composition of family groups were gradually relaxed until, in April 1949, the scheme was extended to include all European nationals whose Displaced Person status was recognised by the IRO. (The status of DP was stringently tested; the conditions of eligibility occupy eight pages of the Constitution of the IRO.)
Most of the voyages originated in Bremerhaven, Germany. In the middle period, many Displaced Persons were transported to Naples, Italy, by train, from Germany and Austria. Other occasional ports of origin were Genoa, Nordenham (near Bremerhaven) and Rotterdam on the Atlantic coast, and Genoa, Venice, Trieste and Piraeus in the Mediterranean. A few voyages collected further DPs en route form camps in Lebanon and Egypt (mostly Yugoslavs) and one voyage collected Polish DPs from a camp in Kenya, East Africa. The department attempted to alternate the arrivals between Melbourne and Sydney to even out the flow of new arrivals to Bonegilla and Bathurst centres, respectively, with limited success. Occasionally, a ship was directed to disembark passengers at Fremantle, Adelaide or Newcastle, usually as a result of specific employment opportunities in these areas.
Anna Salen (History) The Ship and the Voyage
The ship ‘Anna Salen’ was chartered by the IRO to transport DPs to Australia. This voyage was her second DP voyage to Australia departing Naples on 1 August 1949 and arriving in Gage Roads, Fremantle, early am on Wednesday 24 August carrying 1566 DPs. The majority were mostly from Europe, Poland and the Baltic countries, in addition to Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Ukraine, and Yugoslavia and were composed of single males, single females, married couples and family groups. Thirteen children were suffering from measles, so they, along with their families, were accommodated at Graylands. Nominal Roll No 1164, Stankovic.M, M was admitted to Fremantle Hospital for observation for acute appendicitis.
Nominal Roll No 1360, Tschetnerikowa, G (child) aged three was admitted to Princess Margaret Hospital suffering from bronchial pneumonia.
All other passengers proceeded to the Department of Immigration Reception and Training Centre, Northam, and Graylands per special trains and buses.
Report on S.S. "Anna Salen” – Fremantle – 24th August, 1949 Migrants from I.R.O. Camps, in Europe.
The S.S. "Anna Salen” arrived in Gage Roads, Fremantle, early a.m. on Wednesday 24th August, with 1,566 migrants from I.R.O. Camps in Europe on board.
The port Medical Officer, accompanied by immigration Officials boarded the ship at 6.30 a.m. and after granting pratique, the ship entered Fremantle Harbour and berthed at H Shed at 9.30 a.m. Owing to difficulties in erecting gangways disembarkation did not commence until 10.35 a.m.
The Customs Department dispensed with the formality of taking Customs Declarations and examined the migrants hand baggage prior to boarding the trains.
The first train consisting of 519 migrants left Fremantle at 11.30 a.m. This train arrived at Chidlows Railway Station at 1.50 p.m. and a light meal was provided by the Railway Refreshment Room. The journey was continued at 2.25 p.m. the train finally arriving at Northam at 4 p.m. The migrants were taken by bus to Northam Accommodation Centre, where things had been excellently organized for their reception.
Train no.2. departed at 12.30 p.m. and arrived at Northam at 4.30 p.m. carrying 503 migrants.
Train no.3. departed at 1.50 p.m. and arrived at Northam at 5.55 p.m. carrying 492 migrants.
All migrants had settled in the Accommodation Centre by 8 p.m. and hot meals had been provided.
Thirteen children suffering from Measles, were taken to Graylands Accommodation Centre and placed in an isolation ward. The parents and remainder of the families were also accommodated at Graylands. This course was necessary owing to the Northam Accommodation Centre not being sufficiently prepared to handle Infectious Diseases.
Nominal roll no. 1164, (National Archives of Australia) Stankovic.M, was admitted to Fremantle Hospital for observation for an acute appendicitis. Nominal roll no. 1360, Tschetnerikowa, S. (Child) aged three, was admitted to Princess Margaret Hospital for Children suffering from bronchial pneumonic.
Therefore, the total number of migrants admitted to:
Northam Accommodation Centre - 1,516
Graylands - 48
Hospitals - 2
Mr. Trzecki, I.R.O. Escort Officer reported that the voyage was completed without incident. Two officers from the Department of Labour and National Service accompanied the vessel from Naples to Fremantle, where they disembarked Report S.S.”Anna Salen".
Mr. Grieshaber, I.R.O. representative boarded the vessel in Gage Roads and rendered valuable assistance during disembarkation.
1.Peter Plowmans (Australian Migrant Ships 1946-1977). 2006. P.58-59. -144p
2.Year Book of the Commonwealth of Australia, No. 39, 1953 and No. 42, 1956
3.National Archives of Australia: A446, Correspondence files, annual single number series with block allocations.
4.Louise Holborn, History of the IRO (OUP London, 1956).
5.Year Book of the Commonwealth of Australia, No. 39, 1953 and No. 42, 1956.
6.Peter Plowman, Australian Migrant Ships 1946 – 1977, Rosenberg Publishing, Sydney 2008.
7.National Archives of Australia: A434, item1949/3/16852 and in item 1949/3/16852 ATTACHMENT.
1.At the end of the Second World War, many hundreds of thousands of people who had been brought to Germany from occupied countries to labour in German industry were unable or unwilling to return to their homelands which were occupied by the army of the USSR (mainly Poland and the Baltic countries - Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia, in addition to Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Ukraine, and Yugoslavia).
2.On 21 July 1947, the Commonwealth Government entered into an agreement with the IRO for the resettlement of Europen Displaced Persons in Australia.
3.The ship ‘Anna Salen’ was chartered by the IRO to transport DPs to Australia. This voyage was her second DP voyage to Australia departing Naples on 1 August 1949 and arriving in Gage Roads, Fremantle, early am on Wednesday 24 August carrying 1566 DPs.
Could you help me please find information about my uncle Piotr Bozyk
Ship Anna Salen (DPs who travelled to Australia 1-24 august 1949)
The information send me please on the address:
Sheptytzky St 1/179
Maybe you can give us information about our uncle to our